Willamette Falls,Oregon City and West Linn, Oregon, USA


Address -: Willamette Falls ,Willamette River ,Oregon City and West Linn, Oregon, USA


The Willamette Falls is a natural waterfall on the Willamette River between Oregon City and West Linn, Oregon, in the United States. It is the largest waterfall in the American Pacific Northwest by volume, and the seventeenth widest in the world.Horseshoe in shape, it is 1,500 feet (460 m) wide and 40 feet (12 m) high with a flow of 30,849 cu ft/s (874 m³/s), located 26 miles (42 km) upriver from the Willamette's mouth.
Native American legends taught that the falls were placed there by a great god so that their people would have fish to eat all winter.Many local tribes built villages in the area because of the abundance of salmon that could only pass the falls at certain water levels. Native Americans still harvest Pacific Lamprey at the falls each year in the early summer. Willamette Falls is a traditional fishing site for the Warm Springs Indians as well as other tribes.
During the nineteenth century, white explorers and fur traders recorded the existence of Willamette Falls. In 1806, William Clark collected a narrative about the falls from a Clowewalla he encountered downriver, and other descriptions appeared in the journals and reports of British botanist and explorer David Douglas, pioneer Jesse Applegate, Canadian artist Paul Kane, and U.S. diplomat William Slacum. Indians helped traders and other non-Natives portage the falls, often hosting the travelers, feeding them, and hiring on as guides, scouts, and oarsmen.
Chief Factor John McLoughlin of the Hudson’s Bay Company established the first non-Native settlement at Willamette Falls in 1829, and he built a sawmill there. After 1846, when the Oregon Treaty was signed, Americans constructed sawmills and fabric mills on both banks of the river at the falls. At Oregon City, on the east bank of the Willamette, settlers put in place the first United States government in the West. The town of Willamette Falls was established to the south, and Linn City (present-day West Linn) was across the river. The newcomers worked the fishery at the falls, constructing at least one fish wheel (Brown Brothers in 1896) at the base to capture salmon before the fish jumped the falls.
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